Arturius - A Quest For Camelot - The Legend of King Arthur
Arturius - A Quest For Camelot - The Legend of King Arthur

Extract from 'Arturius - A Quest For Camelot'

The Mystery Of King Arthur

Arturius - A Quest for CamelotThere are possibly five reasons why Arthur has remained a mystery until the present time.

These are, one - the name Arthur.

Historians often claim that there are no historical records of Arthur, and that nothing has been written down about him until centuries after his time.

This may be true, in the earlier historical documents no mention of Arthur is found. However, the reason for this is simple. Arthur is a later development in the name Artur or Arturius. The name Arthur you would not expect to find in the earliest records, because the name did not exist in this form when the earliest records were written.

On the other hand mentions of Artur and Arturius are found in very early records indeed. The spelling of Arthur with an h possibly did not develop before the 12th Century AD, so when searching the earliest records for Arthur, you would look for and expect to find only mentions of Artur or Arturius. Arturius is mentioned in the document of the 7th Century AD known as Adomnans LIFE OF COLUMBA, where he states that Arturius was the son of a King called Aidan, and that he died in battle against the Picts.

A similar development can be shown for the name Anthony. The earliest form of this name is Antoninus, it then developed to Antony, and finally to Anthony when somewhere in the course of time an h was added between the t and the o.

Regarding a search for a King Arthur.

This would prove impossible, because Arthur was not a king and was only called a king from the 12th Century AD by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his false and fabled History of the Kings of Britain. Records earlier than this refer to Arthur simply by his first name.

Regarding any connection between Arthur and Wales and Cornwall.

There is no historical evidence that Arthur was connected with these regions in even the remotest way. The connection can only be traced back to the 12th Century AD, and again to the fabled "History " of Geoffrey of Monmouth.

Even the earliest poems preserved in Wales, for example the "Gododdin" do not come from Wales, they in fact come from the land we now call Scotland. The "Gododdin" tells the story of an expedition by Celtic warriors from the region of Edinburgh in Scotland, Arthur is mentioned in one line. So even the earliest poems do not connect Arthur with Wales.

Regarding Arthur's time and place in history.

The fourth reason why the mystery of Arthur has persisted until the present day, is that most researchers believe he lived either in the 5th Century AD or the first half of the 6th Century AD, when in fact I believe we have sufficient evidence to prove he lived in the second half of the 6th Century AD. The only record of a British leader called Arthur dying in battle is recorded in the Annals of Ulster and the date given is 582 AD, the Battle of Manann.

Another reason which causes confusion and distorts the concept of Arthur is that since the 12th Century AD, romantic writers have dressed Arthur in the trappings of the particular time in which they were writing. Hence, Arthur would eventually become associated with knights in armour, chivalry, mounted cavalry, and Norman type castles. Simply because all these existed at the particular time in which the romantic writers were weaving their tales of Arthur. The 6th Century AD reality was somewhat more grim, but nevertheless the effect of the romanticised tales would mean that forever Arthur would be associated with knights on horseback, castles and quests for the Holy Grail. None of which was true, but all of which helped to obscure the true story of Arthur.

In the second half of the 6th Century AD, the ancient Britons inhabited the land all the way from Cornwall up the Western half of England, and into Scotland as far as the River Forth which flows past Stirling, and also up to the River Clyde on which the City of Glasgow now stands. So the Western side of England and all Southern Scotland was inhabited by the ancient Britons in the 6th Century AD. These ancient Britons shared a common language, and common background, legends and mythology, so the legends of Arthur could originate in any region where the Britons dwelt. Since we know that they lived in Southern Scotland, there is as much reason to believe that the legends of Arthur originated there as anywhere else in the British Isles. Indeed Scotland is the only area were a reliable record of any Arthur of the 6th Century AD is to be found, there are none in Wales or Cornwall.

By the time Geoffrey of Monmouth was writing Arthur into his fabled history in the 12th Century AD the political picture had changed completely. The two countries we now know as England and Scotland had come into existence. The island of Britain was by now divided into two, the ancient Britons had for the most part been dispossessed. The only areas still inhabited by the descendants of the ancient Britons in England by the time of Geoffrey, were Wales and Cornwall. So naturally Geoffrey connected Arthur with these two regions, and with these two regions he has mistakenly been connected with ever since.

King Arthur - The Legend of King Arthur